Site icon The Elliott Homestead

What Should Be Inside a Chicken Coop? Must Have Items

What Should Be Inside a Chicken Coop?

  1. Lighting
  2. Food and Water Supply
  3. Litter Trays
  4. Insulation
  5. Roosting Perch
  6. Nesting Boxes
  7. Air Quality
  8. Bath Boxes
  9. Raised Floor

You will see better results if your chickens are fed well, whether you have chickens on your own homestead or just a few to collect their eggs. You might think that the answer is simple water and food. There are many things you can do to help your chickens. Continue reading to find out what will make chickens never want to fly away from the coop.

What Should Be Inside a Chicken Coop? 9 items should be included in a chicken coop. These include nesting boxes, perches, lighting, litter tray, ventilation, adequate insulation, quality airflow, raised floors, waterers, and feeders. These items will help ensure that your birds live well and provide all the nutrition they need to be happy and healthy.

What should be inside a chicken coop?

There are some items you will need, but there is no set design for a chicken coop. It is usually based on what you want and what your budget allows.

Let’s now look closely at why your coop is essential for your birds and look at the necessary items.

This article will tell you how to care for your flock. Keep reading to the end to learn more!

What Should Be Inside a Chicken Coop?

1. Lighting

Lighting is essential, especially if you have chickens who spend a lot of time in the coop. Lack of natural light can cause chickens to stop producing eggs. Natural light can be let in through windows during the day.

You can use an artificial, soft, yellow light inside the coop in the winter months when there is less daylight. It is not recommended to have continuous lighting inside the coop.

It is essential to be cautious when using artificial lighting as it can interfere with the natural reproduction cycles of chickens.

See Also: Solar Powered Heat Lamp for Chickens

2. Food and Water Supply

A well-functioning feeder and waterer are essential for the interior of your chicken coop. To prevent chickens from peeing in the feeder or drinkers while they are roosting, it is essential to keep them away from the roost.

You can suspend them a few inches off the ground, so they don’t accumulate as much bedding from chickens scratching around.

Your chickens should have access to their drinkers and feeders. Chickens that are partially dehydrated or under-fed will be more susceptible to illness and less productive.

See Also: Grandpa Chicken Feeder

3. Litter Trays

A litter tray placed under the chicken roost can be an excellent way for chickens to poop. To reduce ammonia levels, chicken feces must be regularly removed from the coop. A litter tray allows for frequent cleaning of the majority of waste in a chicken coop.

It is recommended that the litter tray be cleaned at least once a week. You can pull out the litter tray and place the chicken feces on your compost pile. This step can be completed in just minutes if it is a regular part of your morning egg collection routine.

4. Insulation

Your coop should have good ventilation, but it shouldn’t be drafty. To keep rodents like snakes, mice, and other rodents out, cracks and small openings must be sealed. Ceiling insulation is another essential factor in insulation.

Ceiling insulation helps keep your coop cool during the summer heat. Insulation should be installed between the metal roof and the framing of your coop during construction.

Tech Shield roof sheathing is recommended for coops with asphalt shingle roofs. It will protect against the sun’s excessive heat. Tech Shield sheathing provides sufficient heat protection and does not require any insulation.

5. Roosting Perch

Chickens prefer to sleep in the air, so providing a roost inside your chicken coop is essential. Chickens like to sleep on roosts in unprotected areas. Even though it is not necessary to have a closed coop with chickens, roosts keep them off the ground, making them more vulnerable to disease and bacteria.

Roosts should not be made from metal or plastic but should be made of wood. Because chickens are attracted to the highest perch, they should be placed higher than the nesting boxes. The most important feature of a chicken coop is its roost. It should be large enough to hold all the chickens.

6. Nesting Boxes

Nesting boxes are a safe place for chickens to lay eggs, and they can be found in a convenient location for you to get the eggs ready for breakfast. To prevent chickens from peeing in the nesting boxes, they should be as dark as possible.

There are many recommendations on how many boxes to provide per chicken, but the safest guideline is to have 4-5 chickens per box. You can line the boxes with dry bedding materials such as straw or wood shavings.

However, this should be replaced regularly to prevent harmful bacteria from building up. Although chickens love to nest and lay eggs in soft bedding, they shouldn’t be left there for too long. The purpose of nesting boxes is to lay eggs.

7. Air Quality

Pay attention to the quality of your chicken coop’s air. Ammonia is one of the main causes of poor indoor air quality in chicken coops.

Ammonia can be released from chicken feces. It can cause health problems for your chickens if it gets too high levels. Proper ventilation is essential to control ammonia levels in a chicken coop.

Vents should be placed so that contaminated air is removed from the top of the coop but not make it feel drafty. Vents are best placed near the top of the coop.

8. Bath Boxes

Anyone who has spent any time with chickens knows how much they love to have a dust bath.

It may seem counterintuitive, but dirt is what keeps your flock clean. Like teenagers suffering from acne, chickens have an overactive oil gland.

Chickens can get rid of oil by rolling around in their dirt boxes. It helps to get rid of pests like lice and mites.

These parasites can be hazardous for your flock. These parasites can cause feather loss, itching, and anemia. If they are not treated, death is inevitable.

9. Raised Floor

Plywood is one of the most suitable materials for a chicken house floor. To keep the flooring and bedding dry, a plywood floor can be lifted off the ground. A floor that has airflow underneath will absorb moisture faster than a concrete slab floor or dirt floor.

A plywood-raised floor prevents rodents and predators from getting in. To keep intruders out of your chicken coop’s underside, you can use tight wire mesh to replace the wood if it is a storage shed with plywood floors on runners.

The wire is better than wooden because it allows air to flow underneath the shed but still closes it off to intruders. A cheap way to improve the safety and health of chickens is to raise the floor in a chicken coop.

The Best Floor Beddings:

These options can be used for many reasons. You can use them together or separately. They can also be used at different times throughout the year to address any seasonal issues. You might want to use something that absorbs moisture in spring to prevent dampness and increase the humidity inside the coop.


Sand can be a great addition to permanent (nonremovable) coop floors if they are flush to the ground. Sand not only absorbs water and waste but also allows chickens to dust bathe in it.

Use construction sand that is natural and not too heavy.


Although straw isn’t very absorbable, this is a good thing as it doesn’t easily rot or decay. It is lightweight and fluffy, working well as an insulation layer to protect a cold floor. It acts as a barrier and prevents waste from falling through. It can also be cleaned easily because the waste builds up.

Pine Shavings

Pine shavings are affordable, smell wonderful, and absorb well. They are popular for use in both raised coops and on the ground as a floor covering. They can be used to insulate and are easy to remove waste. Cedar shavings may not be the same and can cause problems for chickens, despite their appealing smell.

Shredded Paper

Shredded papers are a great way of adding insulation and absorption to your chicken coop. It is not as durable as other options, but it is very easy to find, and you can get it for free if your paper is regularly shredded. It can also be thrown in the compost pile once it is soiled.

Rubber mats

Rubber mats can provide protective flooring. You can use it as a standalone mat that you pull out to hose off or combine with the other bedding materials mentioned above for warmth, absorption and cleanliness. You can cut mats to fit your coop floor, and you can also use lightweight options in raised coops.

Can chickens stay in the coop all day?

Chickens can be kept in their coop for hours. But why would you want them there?

Chickens who go outside to enjoy the sunshine are healthier and happier than chickens who don’t, even if you don’t have enough space for every chicken.

They can exercise outside and stretch their wings properly, at least. Each chicken should have two feet of space to itself.

They can also graze on grass and eat insects and bugs like worms, rich in nutrients and essential protein.

Chickens can also eat wild berries like blackberries when they are available. This can increase the variety and nutritional content of their regular diet.

Although it is not necessary, I have some toys in my chicken run. Because chickens love to pee, I attached plastic mirrors to my fence. These non-shattering mirrors were purchased from Amazon.

On the advice of several chicken keepers, I purchased some hanging bells. The bell-toy I bought from Amazon received excellent reviews.

Toys can be used to distract chickens from boredom and keep them mentally active throughout the day.

What Shouldn’t Be Inside a Chicken Coop?

Chickens should have access to water, food, toys, and treats outside. They shouldn’t be kept inside the coop.

Chickens scratch and food gets spilled. Inside the coop, it can get lost in the bedding. This attracts rodents and snakes.

Water can cause bedding to become damp and mouldy.

Chickens living in a henhouse will create more mess than they can clean up, so it is worth keeping them outside and feeding and watering them outside.

Final Words [What Should Be Inside a Chicken Coop?]

Your chicken coop is an important investment. Your chickens will spend a significant portion of their lives in this coop.

Although every chicken coop is different in appearance and complexity, some things will help ensure your birds have all they need.

This guide should have given you an understanding of what you need to buy if you are not familiar with them. This guide will help you keep your birds safe in all seasons and with the various weather conditions.

However, it would help if you remembered to let your birds roam free in the coop. Your birds will benefit from exercise and having plenty of space. This will allow them to eat various healthy foods rich in nutrients and protein and allow them to engage in their instinctual behaviours.

You must ensure that they can do it safely and that the area is checked before they go. You must ensure they are safe, that there are no predators and that there is nothing to harm them.

They can then return to the optimized chicken coop, where they will be able to prepare appropriately.

Learn more about raising chickens here.

Rate this post
Exit mobile version